There is a cultural thought-pattern afoot that encourages us to evaluate our strengths and weaknesses, and to place our primary efforts on strengthening those areas where we find ourselves “deficient,” so as to become “well rounded” individuals. In many cases, it’s a theory that encourages mediocrity and it prevents individuals from becoming exceptional specialists.
Some context: Surgeons did not always specialize in specific areas of medicine as they do now. There was a time when they studied general medicine in order to be “well rounded” practitioners, that they may have a degree of knowledge for any affliction or malady that may present itself.
Then, the practice of specialization and hyper-specialization was introduced in hospitals. Today, surgeons begin their studies in general medicine and, as they mature in their profession and discover in which area of medicine their natural affinities lay, they focus and refine skills in a specific area in order to become specialists. For example, a cardiothoracic surgeon will abandon undeveloped skills in neurosurgery, and almost every other area of medicine unrelated to their specialty, in favor of multplying their skill in cardiothoracic medicine.